Learn the Domain Related Concepts and Relationships
In this post we’ll go over the definition of all the concepts that have to do with setting up your Domain, and how they relate to each other.
This post is ideal for people who are already familiar with our program and are looking for further enlightenment and clarification regarding your Domain Name, your Hosting account, your Email, and how our web tool ties in.
If you want to jump right into how to point your Domain to our program with a particular provider (GoDaddy, eNom, Network Solutions, Dreamhost, etc.), check this article:
Or take a look at this summary of Domain related articles.
The concepts described in this article are:
- Hosting Companies
- Domain Name Registrars
- Domain Name
The following diagram illustrates better the relationship between each other.
Now we’ll break down each of the concepts.
Hosting companies offer storage on a Web server for a user to upload website related files. You can think of it as an online hard drive. Your files are actually stored on a physical hard drive on a server owned by those companies.
The files you would store there, are those required for a website to display correctly. They can come in a variety of formats, depending on the technology used to develop a site. Here are some samples of these file types:
- html (Hyper Text Markup Language – structure of a page)
- css (Cascading Style Sheet – format of a page)
- swf (Swiff – Adobe Flash format)
- jpg, gif, png (images)
- mp4, ogg (videos)
- mp3 (sounds)
Once you sign up for an account with them, you can gain access to their server (to store your files) via FTP.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, used for transferring files over the network from one place to another. This can be for example: transferring files from your computer to the server granted by your hosting company (or vice versa).
One of the most used programs for doing these online file transfers is called FileZilla. It’s open source and there are versions for all major desktop operative systems.
Bandwidth is a term that has to do with your hosting account. It’s usually measured in gigabytes per month and refers to the maximum amount of data that can be transferred in this period.
Let’s go over this example to make it clear. If the total data accounted by all the files used in your site is 100MB, and 10 users visit your site (assuming they visited all sections, thus obtaining/downloading each and every one of your site’s files), the bandwidth used by these visitors would be 100MB x 10 users = 1,000MB.
Both bandwidth and file storage are usually limited. The exact limits are stipulated on the specific plans of each provider (hosting company).
Besides the file storage, most hosting companies offer Domain registering services too. We’ll get to that on the next point.
Domain Name Registrars
Registrars are companies that offer the service of reservation of Domain Names for the Internet.
A Domain Name, as explained by the Wikipedia:
…is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control on the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System…
These names are used for various purposes and contexts, like for entering it on a browser’s address bar and viewing a website. They’re used also for for Email.
You can buy a Domain Name from a Registrar, and through the setup of the DNS of that Domain, you can link it to a hosting plan (and server) to upload your files and host your site. Also, setting up the right records (MX records) on your account will help you configure your Email addresses (@yourdomain.com). These settings are usually set to a default provider by the Registrar.
Domain Name System, forms the acronym DNS. It describes naming systems used for Internet connected resources (like computers or services). One of it’s main tasks is to turn Domain Names (that make sense to persons) into IP addresses (that make sense to computers). These associations are stored in records.
You can change these records to configure some services of your Domain (like Hosting and Email). You can do this in a special administrator website. The name of it may vary depending on your Registrar, it can be called DNS Panel, Manager, Console, or something similar.
Email depends on the setting of MX Records, and has nothing to do with storage or hosting. The specific addresses that you’ll use for setting up your Email with your domain, will vary with the software solution you’re trying to implement. For instance, if you want to use Google Apps you can take a look at this article, to learn which addresses you need to enter on your MX records.
If you’re trying to point your Domain Name to a given hosting, you’ll need to change the “A Records”. Just as with the MX records, the actual location of the fields where you need to modify those values will vary from vendor to vendor. But they’re always located inside the DNS management panel.
Our web tool, as you know, is the world’s best web design App. If you’re reading this page, chances are you are already familiar with it and are only looking for details of Domain related configuration.
Using a Registered Domain Name
If you’re trying to point your Domain to our web editor, you need two steps. The first one is achieved on your provider’s panel, whether it’s a Hosting company that offers the registration service of Domain Names or an independent Domain Registrar. The second one is inside More menu.
These are the two steps:
- Update the A record with our program’s IP: 18.104.22.168.
Achieved in your Domain provider’s DNS management panel (called differently with each provider).
- Update your Domain Name on the “Top Level Domain for This Site” field.
Achieved in “URL & Custom Tracking Code” option.
That will make your visitors reaching yoursite.com open your site.
Don’t have a Domain?
If you haven’t registered a Domain yet and want to do so, take a look at this article.
How does our product integrates to a hosting plan?
You don’t need a hosting plan for your site to function. We manage all related files and is completely independent.
And it doesn’t have a limit either on storage nor bandwidth.
However, you can choose to have your files downloaded to an account of yours via our FTP Sync Tool. This may be in case you want to have complete management of your files or a just as a backup. This tool allows you to download all files required for your site work into an FTP account (most probably from a hosting plan), a Dropbox account, or a Google Drive account.
Note that we do not currently support uploading files other than images (in the formats JPG, GIF and PNG). If you need to make some files available for download to your visitors, you’ll need to upload them to a server with public Internet access. This can be done in the storage from a hosting account/plan, but you can also use a service like Dropbox.
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. This is a company in charge of offering Internet connection to its customers.
This term has no direct relationship with setting up your Domain or Hosting. That is, without an Internet connection, you won’t be able to do any of the above setups!
Customer satisfaction is of high important to us.
If you need more help and clarification, feel free to open the Live Chat from the “Support” menu on our program’s shelf, or send us an inquiry to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Or just leave a comment below!